Supervise the Crew Pay System on Fishing Vessels
Supervise the Crew Pay System on Fishing Vessels

The government still needs to fully supervise the wage system for domestic or domestic fishing vessel crews. This is necessary to ensure the safety and well-being of fishing boat crews. Working as a crew on a fishing vessel is well known to be dangerous and difficult. Unfortunately, the government still needs to get a tool for monitoring the wages of fishing vessel crews.

Moh Abdi Suhufan, the National Coordinator of Destructive Fishing Watch (DFW) Indonesia, stated that the findings of a study conducted by his organization in June 2022 revealed that the system and wages received by fishing vessel crews at the Nizam Zachman ocean fishing port in Jakarta were not ideal. “The average monthly wage for fishing boat crews is around Rp. 900 thousand – 1.3 million,” said Abdi. The survey also discovered that employers paid 47% of fishing boat crews less than Rp. 2 million. Meanwhile, the government has set the DKI Jakarta Province Minimum Wage for 2022 at Rp. 4.6 million per month.

The fishing vessel crew remuneration system can be carried out with profit sharing and monthly salaries, according to the provisions of the Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Regulation No. 33/2021. “Generally, the profit-sharing system and daily salary are applied to fishing vessels, while the monthly salary is applied to fishing vessels,” Abdi explained.

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His party emphasized that the wage mechanism with a profit-sharing system did not meet the living standard and the principle of justice for fishing boat crews. According to the provisions of article 176 paragraph 2 Permen KP 33/2021, in conditions that result in no net income, the owner or operator of a fishing vessel must pay all fishing vessel crews half of the provincial minimum wage, district minimum wage, or city minimum wage for each month.

“Based on these provisions, the minimum wage for Muara Baru fishing boat crews should be Rp. 2.3 million per month,” said Abdi. The problem is that the human resources or fisheries authorities have never supervised the wage system for fishing boat crews. As a result, although it is already regulated in fisheries regulations, the rules still need to be fully implemented. “There must be a Joint Decree of the Ministers of Marine Affairs and Fisheries with Manpower that regulates wage standards and matters concerning fishery workers, particularly fishing vessels crews,” Abdi said.

Imam Trihatmadja, a DFW Indonesia researcher, added that the current practice of remuneration for fishing boat crews indicates that workers are less interested in becoming crew members of domestic fishing vessels. “Those who work as domestic crew members have no skills and are the last resort,” Imam explained.

Imam is concerned about a lack of fishing boat crews in the domestic capture fisheries industry. “Because the wages on fishing boats are much higher, crews on fishing boats will be more interested in becoming migrant workers.” “Taiwan has issued a new provision for non-experienced migrant crew members to be paid Rp 8.2 million per month,” Imam said. Indonesia is well-known for supplying fishing vessel crews to Asian countries such as Taiwan, South Korea, and the Philippines.

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